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Lanas Naturales

Lanas Naturales

Queríamos dedicar este artículo al uso de lanas naturales que utilizamos para confeccionar nuestros abrigos. Nos interesa dejar en claro algunos puntos còmo: el modo en qué lo hacemos, con quiénes lo hacemos, nuestra postura y visión del tema. 

Durante el verano, se esquilan a las ovejas para evitar que sufran el calor, Además de que la acumulación de lana es perjudicial, una oveja se desempeña mejor con un cuidado y atenciòn. Aunque algunas ovejas se desprenden de la lana naturalmente, otras no logran hacerlo. Como es el caso de la foto. En Australia una oveja llegó a acumular 40 kilos de lana y casi muere.

Es cierto que la industria de la lana, como la del algodón son perjudiciales. El problema radica en que son industrias, cuyo fin es netamente ecónomico. Donde ven a la oveja como un capital y no como un ser con igualdad de derechos.

Pero qué sucede cuando esto es llevado a cabo por comunidades locales, que tienen respeto por la naturaleza y el culto a la Pachamama. Generando una cooperaciòn de cuidado y producción entre ellos y las ovejas. Donde pueden crear abrigos en pequeña escala, con bajo impacto y con durabilidad para toda la vida.

Queriamos mostrar los dos contrastes para tener una perspectiva más amplia del daño que sufren los animales durante la confección de la indumentaria.

Por un lado, está la industria textil que produce abrigos sintéticos que aunque no afectan directamente la vida del animal, son parte de un sistema que daña la tierra y la contamina, afectando los ecosistemas en donde viven los animales. Por otro lado, las comunidades locales cuidan a los animales como si fuesen parte de un todo. En donde generan un apoyo mutuo de cooperaciòn. 

Las Cinco Libertades definidas por la OIE

  1. Libre de sed, hambre y malnutrición: mediante acceso pronto a agua fresca y una dieta para mantener plena salud y vigor.
  2. Libre de discomfort: mediante el aprovisionamiento de refugio apropiado y zona donde descansar.
  3. Libre de dolor, lesiones y enfermedad: mediante prevención realizando diagnósticos y tratamiento médico.
  4. Libre de expresarse: mediante provision de espacio suficiente y compañía de animales de su misma especie.
  5. Libre de miedo y estrés: asegurando condiciones y un trato que eviten el sufrimiento mental.

En Stay True tenemos un compromiso ético por crear prendas naturales, que no dañen al ecosistema, a los animales y a los seres humanos. Creemos que la industria textil debe estar en armonía natural. Donde la confección de las lanas naturales o el algodón no perjudique sino mejore la vida de los animales o la tierra. 

Abrigos para toda la vida

 
En contraste con un sistema de producción del descarte y de consumo masivo. Nosotros tenemos una visión en la que los abrigos son hechos por pequeños grupos productores que lejos de explotar el ambiente, lo mejoran. 
El cuidado de un animal es una responsabilidad. Más allá de la elección de elegir o no una prenda que esté hecha por animales, Las ovejas, las llamas y demás animales de cierta regiòn dependen en cierta medida del cuidado del ser humano. Son animales que durante siglos vivieron en cooperación con las comunidades y donde se genera una relación de mutuo beneficio. 
Pensamos que esta es la forma de llevar a cabo abrigos, junto a otras que no tengan impacto ambiental. Como el desarrollo a futuro del cañamo para fines textiles. 
Por eso, creemos que hoy en día, la vida de un animal es afectada de forma mucho mayor por la compra de jeans, zapatillas, remeras, buzos convencionales. Este tipo de Industrias generan un sistema de descarte y contaminación en la forma que se producen que pone en peligro la vida de todos los seres sobre la tierra.
Estamos en una era de contradicciones, donde la gran mayoría de las cosas que utilizamos contaminan y afectan a la biodiversidad. Pero también hay nuevas formas de producir y personas con iniciativas que crean soluciones a las contradicciones actuales.
Es el momento de apoyar la producciòn local, con bajo impacto y responsable de cuidar el ecosistema, Sea del rubro que sea. Creemos en que la producción debe adaptarse a lo orgánico.
El consumo responsable, junto a leyes que restrinjan y salvaguarden la biosfera, es la solución a las crisis medioambiental actual.

Por último, les dejamos el codigo de ética del cuidado que reciben las ovejas para ser esquiladas. 

IWTO Specifications for Wool Sheep Welfare
 In the establishment of the Terrestrial Animal Health Code, the OIE acknowledges the guidance provided by the internationally recognized Five Freedoms 7,8:
1. Freedom from hunger, thirst and malnutrition – through ready access to fresh water and a diet sufficient to maintain full health and vigour.
2. Freedom from discomfort – through provision of an appropriately sheltered and comfortable environment.
3. Freedom from pain, injury and disease – by prevention or rapid diagnosis and treatment.
4. Freedom to express normal patterns of behaviour – through provision of sufficient space, suitable facilities and company of the animal’s own kind.
5. Freedom from fear and distress – ensuring conditions and treatments imposed avoid mental suffering.

ENVIRONMENT
The OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code states:
“The physical environment, including the substrate (walking surface, resting surface, etc.), should be suited to the species so as to minimise risk of injury and transmission of diseases or parasites to animals.
The physical environment should allow comfortable resting, safe and comfortable movement including normal postural changes, and the opportunity to perform types of natural behaviour that animals are motivated to perform…. For housed animals, air quality, temperature and humidity should support good animal health and
not be aversive. Where extreme conditions occur, animals should not be prevented from using their natural methods of thermo- regulation.9”
Extending the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code specific to wool production practice guidelines, the general principle is that sheep should be managed so as to minimise the impact of threats to their lifetime welfare, including extremes of weather, natural disasters, disease, injury and predation. Specifically:
1. Sheep should be purpose-bred and effectively managed so as to enable a high level of physical adaptation to the production environment and minimise undue stress;
2. Sheep should be inspected at intervals appropriate to risks to their welfare;
3. Consideration should be given to the provision of shelter in the absence of natural protection;
4. When sheep are confined for extended periods, they should:
a. have effective ventilation;
b. be housed in social groups; and
c. have non-slip, non-abrasive and free- draining floor surfaces that avoid the accumulation of faeces and urine likely to compromise their welfare.
9 OIE (2016) Terrestrial Animal Code, Article 7.1.4 (3-4, 6). 10 OIE (2016) Terrestrial Animal Code, Article 7.1.4 (7)
5. Handling facilities should be free from protrusions and obstacles that may cause injury.
6. Measures should be put in place to prevent sheep being harmed or killed by predators.
NUTRITION
The OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code states:
“Animals should have access to sufficient feed and water, suited to the animals’ age and needs, to maintain normal health and productivity and to prevent prolonged hunger, thirst, malnutrition or dehydration.10”
Extending the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code specific to wool production practice guidelines:
1. Sheep should have reasonable access to feed and water appropriate for their age and needs.
2. If sufficient feed and water cannot be provided for sheep, options such as relocating, sell, or humanely dispose of the sheep should be considered before their welfare is adversely affected.
3. Self-feeders and watering points should be checked regularly to ensure feed and water quality and quantity is maintained.
4. Access to contaminated and spoilt feed, toxic plants and harmful substances should be avoided.
5. Digestive problems should be prevented by gradually introducing sheep to a change of diet.

HEALTH
The OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code states:
“Diseases and parasites should be prevented and controlled as much as possible through good management practices. Animals with serious health problems should be isolated and treated promptly or killed humanely
if treatment is not feasible or recovery is unlikely. Where painful procedures cannot be avoided, the resulting pain should
be managed to the extent that available methods allow.11”
Extending the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code specific to wool production practice
guidelines:
1. As part of a preventative approach to managing the health aspects of sheep welfare, a health management plan should be designed and implemented under the guidance of qualified advisors;
2. Within the health management plans, disease prevention strategies should include vaccination against relevant diseases, monitoring and control of internal and external parasites, and selection toward genetic resistance and resilience to parasites and diseases;
3. Sheep should be inspected regularly, and unexplained diseases and deaths should be investigated to formulate appropriate remedial and preventive actions;
4. Appropriate treatment for sick, injured or diseased sheep should be undertaken at the first reasonable opportunity, and sheep suffering from ill health that cannot be reasonably treated should be humanely euthanized at the first reasonable opportunity;
5. Surgical procedures should be avoided wherever possible and should only be performed where there is a positive health or welfare outcome for the animal. Where surgical procedures
cannot be avoided, the resulting pain should be minimized by selection of the most appropriate method for the age of the animal and the use of anaesthesia and analgesia. Genetic, technological, and management interventions should be sought and applied to remove the need for surgical procedures;
6. Good hygiene practices should be applied relating to facilities, hands, handling and instruments; and
7. Sheep that grow and retain long wool should be shorn at least annually.

BEHAVIOUR
The OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code specifies that:
“Social grouping of animals should be managed to allow positive social behaviour and minimise injury, distress and chronic fear.12 ”
HANDLING
The OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code specifies:
“The handling of animals should foster a positive relationship between humans and animals and should not cause injury, panic, lasting fear or avoidable stress.”
And: Extending the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code
specific to wool production practice guidelines:
In general sheep should be able to express normal behaviour free from undue stress or constraint.
1. Sheep confined for extended periods should be able to turn around, see, hear, smell and touch neighbouring sheep or have a companion if individually penned;
2. Trough space should be adequate to allow sufficient daily intake of feed and water by all sheep, including shy feeders, and to minimise bullying;
3. In intensive production systems sufficient space should be allowed for all sheep at the same time to lie on their sternums; and
4. Sheep should be restrained for the minimum time necessary and tethered sheep should be able to exercise daily.
“Owners and handlers should have sufficient skills and knowledge to ensure that animals are treated in accordance with these [OIE] principles.13”
Extending the OIE Terrestrial Animal Health Code specific to wool production practice guidelines:
1. Handling practices should be appropriate and minimise risk to the welfare of sheep:
a. handling should be minimised during extreme weather;
b. extra care should be taken when handling sheep with special needs — for example, young lambs, heavily pregnant ewes, lame sheep and rams; and
c. sheep should be returned to feed and water as soon as possible after handling.
2. Overcrowding of sheep in pens or yards and on transport vehicles should be avoided. Precautions should be taken to prevent smothering – especially for lambs and weaners;
3. Handling facilities should be appropriate to minimise risks to sheep welfare;
4. The use of dogs and handling aids should be limited to the minimum needed to complete the task. When dogs are used, they should be effectively trained and manage; and
5. In the interests of the livestock and all involved in the farm enterprise, farm staff involved in management of livestock should be suitably proficient in their animal management practices.

ACCESS TO FEED AND WATER
A reasonable opportunity for sheep to be able to drink water of a suitable quality and quantity to maintain their hydration, and consume a sufficient quality and quantity of feed to maintain appropriate levels of health and vigour.
ANIMAL WELFARE
The state of an animal and how well it is coping with the conditions in which it lives.
CRUTCHING OR CLIPPING
The removal of wool from the breech of the sheep.
EXTREMES OF WEATHER
Temperature and climatic conditions (e.g. rain, hail, snow, wind, humidity and heat) that, individually or in combination, are likely to predispose sheep to heat or cold stress.
FACILITIES
Fences, yards, sheds, raceways, feed and water troughs, portable yards, ramps and equipment, including lamb-marking cradles, dips, sprays and jetting races.
HUSBANDRY
The practice of breeding and raising livestock.
INTENSIVE PRODUCTION SYSTEMS
An operation where sheep are confined for a period longer than four weeks for the purposes of wool, meat or milk production, and are dependent on the daily supply of feed and or water provided by human or mechanical means. Excluding rams housed for breeding or stud sheep in preparation for showing.
IWTO
International Wool Textile Organisation.
LAMB MARKING
A set of procedures commonly undertaken simultaneously. May include earmarking, ear tagging, vaccination, drenching, tail docking and castration of lambs.
LIE
Sheep are able to rest on their sternums without restriction (or contact with other sheep or structure).
OIE
The World Organisation for Animal Health (historically the Office International des Epizooties formed in 1924).

 

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